The human body at times can undergo many hardships and sometimes it reaches a stage where it is riddled with disease and it cannot contain what is going on inside of it. In the event of chronic illnesses a patient can find themselves in excruciating pain. In times like this doctors need to find something that can help keep the pain at bay and help the patient to function under these dire circumstance. Chronic pain cannot just be managed by popping two painkillers. There is now need for something stronger, something a bit more drastic and in most cases doctors introduce a drug called Morphine. Morphine is categorized as an opiate. An opiate is as the dictionary defines it as “a reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the juice of the opium poppy”. In most cases it is used in making illicit drugs but in other cases it is used in medicine as an analgesic. The other names that morphine goes by are MScontin, Oramorph, and Sevredol only to mention a few. Morphine can be administered in four different ways, orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, intravenously into the area near the spinal cord or rectally. Morphine is essentially a drug that once taken goes and acts on the central nervous system. This means that the pain receptors are no longer letting the patient know they are in pain. It is a highly addictive drug especially with the higher doses a person takes. The most popular method of administering the drug is through injections. This is to assist with the treatment for fluid in buildup in the lungs, acute pain, chronic pain, acute pulmonary edema, myocardial infraction and sometimes labor pains. There are those patients that suffer from acute shortness of breath caused by different factors that may include cancer, and morphine does help reduce those symptoms. In cases like this the low dose controlled release morphine works best. For infants suffering from drug withdrawal, morphine can also be helpful to relieve the symptoms. Morphine is not a drug that should be taken like a regular painkiller. For short term pain like recovering from a surgery, morphine is not recommended. However If one has an illness that is at the late stages, or is chronic morphine will be the best solution for them. Because of how dangerous and highly addictive this drug is. It is absolutely necessary that the drug be taken under strict instructions and if possible supervision of a medical practitioner. The way the drug is administered depends on the need for it. For those chronic patients who need their pain continuously managed and their breathing managed would most likely be put on the extended release capsules every 24hours or 12hours depending on their condition. These patients have to be on opioids already for this type to work on in their system which is opioid tolerant. This is so that the drug does not overwhelm the system. The capsules must not be chewed or broken because the solution can be very dangerous if released all at once in the system. The oral administration works very differently and from the capsules. One cannot alternate which one they take. The side effects of morphine apart from it being highly addictive are it may cause nausea, the patient may experience vomiting and constipation. Because of the strength of the drug lightheadedness and dizziness are likely to be experienced depending on the dose that one is on. If the drug is administered using an injection the injection spot may swell, pain may be experienced and bruising. The major side effects however can be an altering of one’s mood and mental status, a patient may feel agitated, confused and can start seeing things that are not really there. There can be a problem with the patient’s eye sight, difficulty urinating, it may affect the heart rate and cause severe stomach and abdominal pain. If a patient experiences any of these side effects it is important that they immediately be rushed to the doctor. Morphine has been known to be used as well in suicide cases of very terminally ill patients. Overdosing a patient with morphine can result in fatal reifications. Because morphine is used in treating patients who have severe asthma, it slows down the breathing. Now a more than normal dose can cause slow and shallow breaths and beyond that death. This drug needs supervision and proper following of instruction for it not to cause serious problem or fatal results. It is not to be tempered with or used for recreational purposes.