What is Buprenorphine?
There are many different treatments available for opiate abuse and addiction. One ingredient that is mentioned frequently is Buprenorphine. What is Buprenorphine? Here is some information to help you understand how it is used and how it works for addiction treatment.
Opioid Receptors and Addiction
In non-addicted persons the opioid receptors are stimulated by endorphin chemicals. However, in those with abuse or addiction, over time chronic opiate use changes the structure of the brain by saturating the opioid receptors which leads to euphoria. It is the need to repeatedly experience the euphoria that leads to opiate abuse/addiction. Opiate tolerance develops as a result of chronic use and it means that the individual will have to increase the amount of the drug they take in order to achieve the same level of euphoria. Increased opiate use is the reason many people overdose. Once the body becomes used to the new amount of the drug, withdrawal will begin if it is not maintained.
How Buprenorphine Works
Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist and is the active ingredient in addiction treatment drugs such as Suboxone and Subutex. Buprenorphine works by activating the opioid receptors in the brain and when used in addiction treatment it works to prevent opiate withdrawal, as well as decrease cravings and reduces other opiate use. As a partial opioid agonist, it has a limit to just how much it can trigger the opioid receptors and while it can prevent opioid withdrawal, it will not create the euphoric sensation that users get from Heroin or OxyContin. When used with other opiates, Buprenorphine limits the effects of the other drugs. Buprenorphine offers a lower potential for abuse because when used it decreases the individuals desire to use other opioid drugs. As Buprenorphine is increased to moderate use, it reaches a plateau or “ceiling effect” where it is no longer increased. As a partial agonist it has a lower risk for abuse than full agonists such as illicit or prescription opiates.
Side Effects of Buprenorphine
Like other opiates, Buprenorphine certain side effects exist including:
- Flu-like symptoms
Because Buprenorphine is an opiate there is the potential for abuse. In certain addiction treatment medications such as Suboxone, the drug Naloxone has been added to decrease the chances for abuse or addiction. While making the decision to get help was not easy, finding the right treatment solution will be an equally challenging task. Gallus Detox Center is a private detox facility that uses IV therapy medical detox to help patients overcome opiate abuse or addiction. If you have concerns or questions about: what is Buprenorphine, call us today at 855-338-6929 to see how we can help you!