What are Opioid Receptors?
You are ready to find an opiate detox treatment to help you overcome prescription drug or Heroin abuse. In your search you have come across some terms that you do not fully understand and you have questions, such as what are opioid receptors.
Pain, Reward and Addictive Behaviors
Opioid receptors are found in the spinal cord and brain, but they are also found in the digestive tract. Opioid receptors are part of the larger opioid system which is responsible for controlling pain, reward and addictive behaviors. In persons without addictions, the opioid receptors are stimulated by endorphins, dynorphins and enkephalins. However, in persons with opiate addictions the structure of the brain is changed as the opioid receptors are stimulated by drugs. Opioid receptors slow down the transmission of impulse in excitatory pathways such as serotonin, substance P and catecholamine, which are all involved in pain perception and feelings of well-being. When there is opiate addiction, the receptors are exposed to excessive stimulation. Long-term opiate abuse will lead to the individual developing a tolerance to the drug in which it will require more in order to achieve the same effects. If the individual does not continue to supply enough of the drug to adequately stimulate the receptors, withdrawal will begin. Individuals struggling with opiate withdrawal do not have enough opiate substance to slow down the excitatory pathways which leads to agitation and exaggerated pain response.
Drug classifications: Agonist and Antagonist
Addictive drugs are classified into two categories: agonist or antagonist. An agonist drug works to imitate the effects of the brain’s neurotransmitter and an antagonist works to block the brain’s neurotransmitters. In opiate drugs, dopamine is the most targeted neurotransmitter which is the reason for the euphoria or “high.”
Opiate Detox Treatment
Outpatient opiate detox treatment can be found through a doctor’s office or a clinic that is authorized to issue the medications used in outpatient opiate detox including Methadone, Suboxone and Subutex, which are classified as narcotic opiates and are controlled substances. Another option for opiate detox treatment is an inpatient which uses oral medication to control withdrawal or a private opiate detox that specializes in IV therapy medical detox. Although the traditional approach to opiate detox has been to use oral medications, the problem is that they can take a long time to become effective. In IV therapy the medications have an immediate impact. You can learn more about opioid receptors, opiate detox and our facility by calling Gallus Detox Center today, at 855-338-6929. All calls are confidential and our admission team specialists are here to help!