It has been realized that in the U.S. about one-fifth of its populace have used prescription drugs for sports and recreational activities. These drugs that are being consumed are mostly being recommended by medical professionals, as a result of this, the rate of this undue consumption has been on the increase over time. When these drugs are abnormally used, they seem to make one feel good, but is on the other hand altering with the emotional and mental state of mind. Due to the pleasure momentarily felt, one gradually becomes an addict, since everyone wants to feel good. In addition, the availability of these drugs clearly makes it accessible, with the high rate of better improved drugs in both quantity and quality, as a result of science and technology, hence an increase of the side effects of these mal-used drugs. Some of these popularly abused drugs include are narcotic painkillers, sedatives and tranquilizers, and stimulants etc. These medical professionals who do not make proper enquiries or check adequate documentation or paper-work are usually patronized by youths who mostly fall victims of drug abuse. In most cases, people tend to trust the physicians who leash out these drugs irresponsibly, since the doctors are assumed to be professionals in their field. They just keep consuming, as this goes on, abuse gradually becomes a habit; until it is too late; by this time one’s life is in danger.
Facts and Figures
In the U.S. the lifetime prevalence rate for prescription drug addiction in adults has been estimated to be over 2.7%. This equates to more than 15 million people being addicted or assigned to use a prescription drug. In 17-25 year olds the prevalence rate has been estimated at 6%, while for those age 12-17 almost 3.5% reported using prescription drugs for recreational purposes. In this younger demographic over 8% reported taking Vicodin, while over 5% reported using Oxycodone. As most people, especially teenagers, don’t seek treatment for this problem.
Abnormalities that are often associated with these drug abuses include: Illicit drug abuse, Poly Substance Abuse, Depression, Anxiety Disorder, Summarization Disorder.
Using the Drugs :The Disorders and Causes of Prescription Drugs
It is never easy to ascertain the exact causes of disorder caused by these drugs, since many drugs are usually mal-used. But however, some of the general effects include: Mental Issues – Most substances lead to abuse disorders due to the effects on the pleasure and reward systems of the brain. All substances produce similar effects to naturally produced substances in our heads so that, with repeated use, the brain responds to the drug in a similar manner as it does to these natural substances. Hereditary – This is basically based on hereditary, as people who are off-springs of those with disorder are more likely to develop same. Other Causes – There are other factors that may lead to the development of prescription drug misuse. Look to the bullet points below: • To overcome anxiety and decrease pain from muscle tension • Weight loss • To increase social confidence for those who are shy or experience social anxiety/social phobia • Attempts to be accepted by peers • To improve productivity or performance in important activities In case you have any reason to worry about yourself and your health, please contact a medically certified professional.
Symptoms of Prescription Drug Abuse
Symptoms of drug abuse differ based on what drug is involved. However, some popular symptoms include: • Psychological/Mood Factors o Notable changes in mood or mood swings o Poor judgment and decision making abilities o Altered mental status, appearing “high”, disoriented, or confused regarding anything included but not limited by place, person and/or time o Becoming preoccupied or lost in thoughts. • Symptoms in attitude: o Stealing prescriptions from other people o Dependence on others to help the individual complete responsibilities they can no longer fulfill o Obtaining different prescriptions that can be sold to obtain money to buy the prescription of choice o Repeated reports that prescriptions were lost or stolen to obtain additional medication o Obtaining prescriptions from several different doctors o Crushing pills and snorting the powder or mixing it with water to inject in order to achieve a faster and more potent effect o Borrowing/stealing prescription medications from others o Inconsistent or contradictory responses to questions asked about prescription usage
Physical withdrawal symptoms for different substances can differ significantly. Psychological symptoms are usually more obvious than the physical symptoms and can include: craving, headache, anxiety etc. Effects of Drug Abuse The effects of prescription drug misuse will also depend on the type of medication used. Some common categories of effects include: • Masking or numbing of positive and negative emotions, so that the person appears “flat” • Occupational problems, lowered productivity, decreased motivation, unemployment • Decreased academic performance • Financial and legal problems • Psychological problems • High risk behaviors resulting from compromised judgment • Increased motor vehicle accidents