On the street, it is known by many names including Tango and Cash, Goodfella and TNT, to name a few. However, its true name is Fentanyl and abuse of the drug led to more than 1,000 deaths in two years and accounted for more than 7.64 million prescriptions since 2008, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Reason for Use
Fentanyl is a strong, synthetic opioid that is used to manage surgical pain. A powerful analgesic, it is stronger than Heroin and Morphine and outside of the operating room it is used to treat people with chronic pain and in some cancer patients. When used appropriately, Fentanyl is a short acting drug that may be used in combination with another prescription opiate to help manage pain that the other pain killer does not control on its own. Issued under the care of a physician, Fentanyl is most commonly taken in a lozenge or lollipop form, but it may be injected or given in a patch.
Under the Influence
As with other opiates, Fentanyl works to block the receptors in the brain that controls pleasure and pain. The result is an increase in dopamine in the brain which delivers a sense of euphoria. Chronic use of the drug can create a tolerance which can lead to drug overdose.
Side Effects of Addiction
Mixing Fentanyl with other drugs and alcohol will increase the effects of the drug and can be dangerous, even fatal. Common side effects of Fentanyl abuse or addiction may include:
- Dry mouth and headache
- Dizziness and drowsiness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itching or hives
- Vision problems
- Urine retention
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Difficulty breathing and cardiac arrest
Individuals addicted to Fentanyl may resort to criminal behavior in order to maintain their habit including doctor shopping, theft and prescription fraud. Some families may not become aware of their loved one’s addiction until they are deep into it and may enlist the help of an interventionist to convince the person to seek assistance.
Quitting Fentanyl cold turkey is not advised, but most doctors suggest that individuals get professional help from a medical detox and rehab treatment program. Medical detox will cleanse the body’s system of the chemical toxins from drug abuse. Once the patient has successfully completed the detox they will be ready to begin their life again free from drug abuse. Entering a rehab treatment program can give the individual the encouragement and support they need to stay away from substance abuse. A variety of programs from traditional 12 Step to non-traditional educational programs such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can teach the tools needed to continue on the road to recovery. If you or someone you know are struggling with a Fentanyl addiction and are in need of detox, Gallus Detox Centers can help. Gallus Detox Centers specializes in IV therapy medical detox, a safer and more effective method for detox from Fentanyl and will provide you with a customized plan to meet your individual needs. Call Gallus Medical Detox Centers today at 855-338-6929, to see if our treatment program is right for you.